Diving into Web Accessibility: The Importance, Considerations, & Practices for Developers published 9/29/2023 | 4 min read

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Web accessibility might sound like just another buzzword, but it's a critical aspect of web development that ensures an inclusive web experience for all. This post explores why web accessibility is crucial, what developers should consider, and shares best practices for implementation.

Why Web Accessibility Matters

Web accessibility refers to the practice of making websites usable by everyone, including people with disabilities.

Accessibility is not just about conforming to laws or guidelines, although they're essential. It's about inclusivity - enabling all users, irrespective of their abilities or disabilities, to access and interact with web content effectively.

Approximately 15% of the world's population experiences some form of disability. By ignoring web accessibility, you unknowingly alienate a significant portion of your potential audience.

Moreover, accessible websites often have a better SEO ranking, improved usability, and provide a better overall user experience, benefiting all users, not just those with disabilities.

Accessibility Considerations for Developers

To ensure your website is accessible, consider the following elements:

  1. Keyboard Navigation: All functionalities must be accessible via a keyboard. Ensure users can navigate your website using only the keyboard (the Tab key, Shift+Tab, Enter, Space, arrow keys, and Esc).

  2. Alternative Text for Images: Provide a text alternative for every non-text content, especially images, so that visually impaired users can understand the content using screen readers.

  3. Contrast Ratio: Colors should have enough contrast to be distinguishable by color-blind users or those with low vision.

  4. Form Labels & Instructions: All form elements should have descriptive labels and instructions that can be read by screen readers.

  5. Consistent Navigation: Keep navigation consistently placed in a predictable location to aid people with cognitive limitations.

  6. Skip Links: Let users skip navigation or other elements that are repeated across web pages.

  7. Accessible Tables: Always use table headers for data tables.

  8. Responsive Design: Your website should be easily navigated on any device, be it a mobile, tablet, or desktop with different screen sizes and orientations.

  9. Use of ARIA: Use ARIA (Accessible Rich Internet Applications) attributes as and when required to improve the accessibility of your dynamic content and user interface components.

Best Practices for Implementing Web Accessibility

Here are some best practices you can implement to make your website more accessible:

<!-- Good: Image with Alt text -->
<img src="image.jpg" alt="Description of the image">

<!-- Bad: Image without Alt text -->
<img src="image.jpg">

<!-- Good: Label with Form Control-->
<label for="name">Name:</label> 
<input type="text" id="name" name="name">

<!-- Bad: Form Control without Label -->
<input type="text" id="name" name="name">

<!-- Good: Semantic HTML -->

<!-- Bad: Div soup -->
<div id="header">...</div>
<div id="nav">...</div>
<div id="main">...</div>
<div id="footer">...</div>

Opt for semantic HTML elements, as they inherently carry accessibility features. Tools like Lighthouse and AXE can analyze your website for accessibility and provide detailed recommendations to improve.

WAI-ARIA roles, states, and properties should be employed to improve the accessibility of your dynamic web content and complex widgets and controls.

Remember, web accessibility isn't a one-time task; it's an ongoing effort, integral to all stages of web development.

The goal is an accessible and inclusive web where everyone can participate equally. With meticulous attention and adherence to best practices, we as developers can help achieve this.


Web accessibility is a must-have, not a nice-to-have. By understanding and acknowledging its significance, developers can contribute to an inclusive, accessible, and equal web experience for all users.

Stay connected with Devspedia for more insights into web development practices, tools, and trends. Safe coding!

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