Mastering Observables: A Deep Dive into RxJS for Angular published 9/29/2023 | 4 min read

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Developers frequently encounter asynchronous processes in modern web development, especially when dealing with complex data interactions and user interface dynamics. It can often be daunting to manage these routines using promises or callbacks. Reactive programming, specifically Observables with RxJS, provides plenty of practical approaches to dealing with the asynchronicity in JavaScript effectively.

The focus of this post will be on exploring Observables in the realm of Angular, a powerful tool when combined with RxJS (Reactive Extensions for JavaScript).

Introduction to Observables and RxJS

At its core, an Observable is a function that produces a stream of values, not just one. It provides the glue that ties an observer (a consumer of values) and a producer together. This data production can either be synchronous (observable and observer sit on the same call stack) or asynchronous.

RxJS, on the other hand, is a library that uses observables to work with reactive programming and asynchronous data streams. When you combine Angular's component architecture with RxJS, you get a highly interactive and dynamic web application.

Understanding Observables in Angular

Angular leverages RxJS to handle asynchronous operations and use streams. This integration allows developers to use numerous operators for data transformation and eventual subscription.

import { Observable } from 'rxjs';

let numbers = [1, 5, 10];
let source = Observable.create(observer => {

    let index = 0;
    let produceValue = () => {[index++])

        if (index < numbers.length) {
            setTimeout(produceValue, 2000);
        } else {
}).map(n => n * 2)
    .filter(n => n > 4);

    value => console.log(`value: ${value}`),
    e => console.log(`error: ${e}`),
    () => console.log('completed')

In the above example, we created a simple observable sequence of numbers. We then applied map (a transformation operator) and filter operator and ultimately subscribed to the observable.

Angular Components and Observables

Almost every major interaction in an Angular application like Http requests, form changes, route changes, are dealt with Observables. The benefits of using Observables in your Angular application include:

For example, here's how you can handle HTTP requests with Observables:

import { HttpClient } from '@angular/common/http';

export class MyComponent {
  data: any;

  constructor(private http: HttpClient) {}

  ngOnInit() {
    this.http.get('/api/data').subscribe(data => { = data;

In this snippet, the http.get method returns an Observable, to which we can subscribe to get the data.

Observables power most of the Angular's ecosystem. They provide a great degree of flexibility and power in managing asynchronous data and events, contributing significantly to Angular's overall robustness and adaptability as a front-end framework.


Mastering observables and understanding how to leverage RxJS in Angular applications is essential for modern web development. Hopefully, this introduction piqued your interest in this powerful duo. The more you delve into and experiment with Observables and RxJS in your Angular applications, the more you struggle to remember how you ever managed without them.

Stay tuned for more in-depth discussions on this topic. Happy coding!